Diet also lowers blood pressure-“hypertensive drugs” on the table
In 2010, the number of hypertension patients in China has exceeded 200 million, and it continues to increase every year with 10 million.
In addition, hypertension is no longer a “patent” for middle-aged and elderly people. The prevalence of hypertension in people under 30 years of age has reached 10%, and the upward trend is much higher than that of elderly people.
Statistics show that 50% of the 3 million cardiovascular patients who die each year in China are related to hypertension.
In order to control blood pressure, people have come up with various methods besides taking medicine.
In China, which has always focused on food therapy, it is common practice to prevent or improve certain diseases through imported food.
But what might be effective in reducing blood pressure?
“Life Times” recently interviewed five authoritative experts in cardiovascular and nutrition science, and asked them to prescribe a prescription for “hypertensive drugs” on the table.
”One bean, three seeds and one meter” 子 In addition to obesity, in addition to obesity, eating too salty and too high sodium in food are also important reasons, and potassium and magnesium can play a role in neutralizing sodium and counteracting it.Increased blood pressure and blood vessel damage caused by sodium.
In the supplementary antihypertensive food recommended by Professor Hong Zhaoguang, the chairman of the Cardiovascular Expert Committee of the China Geriatrics Association, the deputy leader of the National Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Research Leading Group, and researcher at Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, “one bean” is pea.
Pea contains higher amounts of carotene, vitamin E and vitamin C, which are of great significance for protecting the normal physiological functions of blood vessels.
People with high blood pressure or elevated blood pressure who have headaches, upsets, pulse strings and other symptoms are suitable to eat.
”Three sons” are pine nuts, hazelnuts and sunflower seeds.
Pine nuts are rich in essential fatty acids, which can lower cholesterol, prevent arteriosclerosis, and lower blood pressure.
Hazelnuts and sunflower seeds contain high levels of potassium.
”One meter” means peanuts.
Nearly half of the unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid in peanuts have the effect of lowering cholesterol, preventing atherosclerosis, and lowering blood pressure.
After soaking peanut rice with vinegar for 1 week, take 7-10 capsules per night to help reduce blood pressure.
The five kinds of antihypertensive tea tinctures are firstly hawthorn tea, which can help digestion, dilate blood vessels, and help lower blood sugar and blood pressure.
Professor Zhao Lin, the chief expert of health education of the Ministry of Health and researcher of the Nutrition Department of the General Hospital of the PLA, teaches that you can use fresh hawthorn fruit 1-2 teas for drinking several times a day.
Lotus leaf tea: has the effect of dilating blood vessels and lowering blood pressure.
The method is: Wash and chop the fresh lotus leaves in half a sheet, add an appropriate amount of water to boil, and let it cool down before drinking.
Corn beard tea: Drink corn beard tea several times a day, 25-30 grams each time, which has a good blood pressure lowering effect.
Clinical use of corn to treat hypertension caused by nephritis is particularly effective.
Pueraria tea: Pueraria has the effect of improving blood circulation in the brain, and has therapeutic effects on headaches, dizziness and tinnitus caused by high blood pressure.
Wash and cut kudzu root into thin slices, 30 grams per day, add water to boil and drink as tea.
Huaihua Tea: Pick the flower buds of the locust tree and dry it, soak it in boiling water and drink as tea.
Several times a day, it has a unique therapeutic effect on patients with hypertension.
Celery and mint tincture “Some foods contain substances that dilate and soften blood vessels. In theory, they can help reduce blood pressure.
“Said Professor Wang Xian, vice chairman of the Cardiovascular Diseases Branch of the Chinese Academy of Chinese Medicine and director of the Department of Cardiology, Beijing Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.
For example, people who have headaches and headaches caused by high blood pressure can often eat celery to relieve symptoms.
Because celery is full of butylphthalide, it is also called celery sedative and has a calming and soothing effect.
Although there are many causes of hypertension, once it occurs, almost all patients will have excessive adrenaline secretion due to vascular smooth muscle tension. Celery sedative can inhibit vascular smooth muscle tension and reduce adrenaline secretion, thereby reducing and smoothing blood pressure.
Fry the celery root for better results.
Peppermint also has liver clearing, eye-catching, and antihypertensive effects.
”One peel and one core”, “two blacks and two greens”, “one gourd and one garlic”, and one bean and one eggplant: Professor Shen Yanying, deputy director of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, explained that “one peel and one core” refers to watermelon peel, Lotus seed core.
Take 9 grams each of watermelon peel and cassia grass, decoction with water, has a hypotensive effect.
The lotus seed core is the germ of the lotus seed, among which the non-crystalline alkaloid Nn-9 has a good hypotensive effect.
”Two blacks and two blues”: black fungus, coriander; spinach, celery. Black fungus is known as “the primordial worm”, and its antihypertensive effect is not direct, but indirectly by improving blood vessels.
Shen Yanying especially recommends: 15 grams of black fungus and 15 grams of white fungus after foaming, remove the pedicle, tear it into petals, put it in a bowl, then add rock sugar, 20 grams of wolfberry and appropriate water, and steam for 30 minutes.
After taking it out, let it cool and add 20 grams of honey.
As a snack, take twice in the morning and evening.
Applicable to a variety of hypertension, especially for patients with hypertension accompanied by atherosclerosis and fundus hemorrhage.
Loquat is a good food with both food and medicine.
Because it contains a kind of anti-disease ingredient-Yingying, it has a certain effect on anti-cancer and lowering blood pressure.
Yingying is not heat-resistant, so it is best to eat it raw.
Spinach contains a large amount of antioxidants such as carotene, potassium and vitamin C, which can help slow down the damage of blood vessels by free radicals. Among them, abundant potassium can help lower blood pressure.
”One bean and one eggplant”: potatoes, tomatoes.
Potatoes are also high-potassium foods. The potassium content is much higher than ordinary cereals, so it has a hypotensive effect.
In food therapy, tomatoes are commonly used foods to treat high blood pressure, dizziness, and increased blood lipids.
The treatment method is: take 1-2 red tomatoes, eat on an empty stomach every morning, 15 days for a course of treatment.
If high blood pressure is accompanied by hyperlipidemia, take 100 grams of red tomatoes, wash and squeeze juice; 10 grams of gastrodia elata, thickly fry the juice.
Combine the two juices and mix well, and take them gently, 30 ml each time, twice a day.
”One gourd and one garlic”: Gourd has the effects of clearing heat, diuretic, and reducing blood pressure.
The specific method is: take gourds to smash and squeeze the juice, mix with honey, 20-30 ml each time, twice a day.
Garlic can relieve cough and relieve asthma, and it can be used to treat water.
The specific method is: take an appropriate amount of garlic, soak it in sugar, and soak it in vinegar for 7 days, eat 2-4 flaps on an empty stomach before each meal, and drink a small amount of sweet and sour juice for 15 consecutive days; if accompanied by high blood fat, you can use garlicJuice, add an appropriate amount of milk orally.
”One Bu One Child One Bean” “One Bu” is radish.
“Professor Wang Guowei, deputy dean of Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, said that taking white radish, chopping and smashing and taking juice, 50 ml each time, twice a day, can lower blood pressure and soften blood vessels.
“Yizi” refers to lotus seeds, the active ingredients of which have an inhibitory effect on blood flow, can inhibit myocardial contraction, slow heart rate, expand coronary arteries, contract blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and have antiarrhythmic and anticardiac cancer effects.
The use of lotus seeds to reduce blood pressure is: take 10 grams of lotus seeds, 15 grams of longan meat, 12 grams of lilies, 9 grams of schisandra, and decoction with water every hour.
“One bean” refers to mung beans.
It contains many active ingredients. Pharmacological analysis shows that it can effectively reduce blood pressure and blood stasis, and prevent atherosclerosis.
Antihypertensive foods can be eaten, but they cannot be eaten indiscriminately, let alone replace medicine.
Experts intervened, and patients with hypertension must take antihypertensive drugs for a long time to keep blood pressure stable.
In the treatment of hypertension, food pressurization is only an auxiliary effect, and there is no immediate effect.
To eat antihypertensive foods, one must pay attention to long-term adherence to play a role; the other is to eat according to the different conditions of each person’s constitution, it is best to consult a doctor before eating to determine their own principles of diet.